• Types of Health-giving Natural Green Tea Extract
  • A green tea extract is a herbal derivative from green tea leaves (Camellia sinensis). Containing antioxidant ingredients – mainly green tea catechins (GTC) – green tea and its derivatives are sought-after amongst people who pursue good health.
     

    green tea
    Green Tea

    Constituents of green tea extract:

    The cardinal antioxidative ingredient in the green tea extract is green tea catechins (GTC), which comprise four major epicatechin derivatives; namely, epicatechin (EC), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate (ECG), and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG).

    Other components include three kinds of flavonoids, known as kaempferol, quercetin, and myricetin. A remarkably higher content of myricetin is detected in tea and its extracts than in many other plants, and this high concentration of myricetin may have some implications with the bioactivity of tea and its extracts.

    Caffeine may be excluded in green tea extracts in order to avoid side-effects; caffeine-free green tea extract supplements are now available.

    Types of green tea extracts:

    Strong infusions

    During the strong infusion green tea leaves are processed by soaking in the aqueous solution of alcohol (the aspect content is about 2% w/w).

    Soft extracts

    To obtain soft extracts, the solution made by strong infusion beforehand is further concentrated to 20–25% (the catechin content is about 20% w/w).

    Dry extracts

    After the strong infusions have been concentrated to 40–50% solids (the catechin content is above 25% w/w),they are sprayed and then become dehydrated extract and powder.[2] The leftovers - water content, which is less than 5% w/w, and the extract - are usually processed as a powder containing inert processing aids to become suitable for a variety of uses (tablets, capsules, dry mixes, etc.).

    Partly purified extracts

    Further purification processes, for example, solvent extraction or column chromatography techniques, as well as new techniques such as membrane extraction and separation, are utilized in order to acquire a higher content of tea catechins, epigallocatechin (EGC),epicatechin gallate (ECG) and epicatechin (EC). Of which, EGCG accounts for more than 40% of the total content.


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